Roman (authors H to Z)



Hald, M.(1962) Jernalderens Dragt, Nationalmuseet Copenhagen


Hald, M. (1963) 'Udhugne Oldtidssko', Aarbøger for Nordisk Oldkyndighed og Historie, 16-30


Howard, P. (1972) Camboglanna: Birdoswald Fort on Hadrian's Wall, Huddersfield, 9, 23, 46


Jacobi, L. (1897) Das Romerkastell Saalburg, Hamburg


Jay, E. and Hall, J. (1990) The Tale of London Past, London, 12-13, 20


Keily, J. (2001) ‘The Roman Non-Shoe Leather’ in T. Brigham and A. Woodger, Roman and medieval townhouses on the London waterfront: excavations at Governor's House, City of London, MoLAS 


Keily, J. (2011) ‘Leather’ in Hill, J. and Rowsome, P. Roman London and the Walbrook stream crossing: excavations at 1 Poultry and vicinity, City of London, MOLA Monograph 37, Part II, 540-557

Keily, J. and Mould, Q. (2017) ‘Leatherworking in South-Eastern Britain in the Roman Period’ in D. Bird (ed.) Agriculture and Industry in South-Eastern Roman Britain, Oxford, Oxbow 236-254

Keppie, L. J. (1975) 'Finds of Leather' in Scott, M. and Keppie L. Bar Hill: A Roman Fort and its Finds, British Archæological Reports 16


Leguilloux, M. (2004) Le cuir et la pelleterie à l'epoque romaine, Editions Errance, Paris


Leguilloux, M. (2006) Les objets en cuir de Didymoi. Praesidium de la route caravanière Coptos-Bérénice. Praesidia du désert de Bérénice III, Institut français d'archéologie orientale, Cairo


Liversidge, J. (1968) Britian in the Roman Empire, 129-131


Mayes, B. (1994) ‘The reconstruction of a leather tent’, Exercitus (Bulletin of the Ermine Street Guard) Vol.2, No.10, 183-186


McCarthy, M. R; Padley, T. G. and Henig, M. (1982) 'Excavations and Finds from the Lanes, Carlisle', Britannia 13, 84


McCarthy, M. R. (ed) (2000) Roman and Medieval Carlisle: The Southern Lanes. Excavations 1981-2, Department of Archaeological Sciences, University of Bradford, Research Report 1


MacConnoran, P. (1982) 'Leather Footwear' in Wilmott, T. 'Excavations at Queens Street, City of London, 1953 and 1960; and Roman Timber-lined Wells in London', Transactions London and Middlesex Archæological Society 33, 55-61


MacConnoran, P. (1986) 'Footwear' in Miller, L; Schofield, J. and Rhodes, M., The Roman Quay at St. Magnus' House, London, London and Middlesex Archæological Society Special Paper No.8, 218-226


MacConnoran, P. (2001), ‘The Roman leather shoes’ in Brigham, T. and Woodger, A. Roman and Medieval Townhouses on the London Waterfront: Excavations at Governor’s House, City of London, MoLAS Monograph 9, 99-105


MacConnoran, P. and Nailer, A. (2007), ‘Leather items’ in Bowsher, D., Dyson, T., Holder, N. and Howell, I. The London Guildhall: An archaeological history of a neighbourhood from early medieval to modern times, MoLAS Monograph 36, 479-486


Macdonald, G. and Park, A. (1906) Roman Forts on the Bar Hill, Dunbartonshire,  101-106


MacGregor, A. (1978) Roman Finds from Skeldergate and Bishophill, York Archæological Trust, 50-54


McIntyre, J. and Richmond, I. A. (1934) 'Tents of the Roman Army and Leather from Birdoswald', Trans. of Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archæological Society N.S. 34, 62-90


Marshalleck, K. H. (1959) Romisches Schuhwerk an Rhein-und Scheldemunding

Matthews, C. L. and Hutchings, J. B. (1972) 'A Roman Well in Dunstable', Bedfordshire Archæological Journal 7, 30-31


Metcalfe, A. C. and Longmore, R. B. (1973) 'Leather Artefacts from Vindolanda, 1972-73' in Doughty P.S.(ed) Transactions of the Museum Assistants' Group 12,  38-43


Miller, L. B. and Rhodes, M. (1980) 'Leather' and 'Leather Footwear' in Jones, D. and Rhodes, M. Excavations at Billingsgate Buildings 'Triangle', Lower Thames Street 1974, London and Middlesex Archæological Society Special Paper 4, 95-128


Miller, S. N. (1922) The Roman Forts at Balmuildy, Glasgow


Montembault, V. (1990) 'Une chaussure en cuir d'époque gallo-romaine',  Catalogue de l'exposition: A la recherche de ses origines, Mazières-en-Mauges de la préhistoire à l'epoque romaine, 24


Montembault, V. (1997) 'The collection of the Egyptian Department of the Musée du Louvre: primary results of the study', ICOM 1995, working group 10, Interim meeting on the treatment of and the research into leather, in particular of ethnographic objects, Amsterdam, 36-90


Montembault, V. (1998) 'The leather finds from Rouen and Saint-Denis' in Cameron, E. (ed) Leather and Fur: Aspects of Early Medieval Trade and Technology, London, 57-64


Mould, Q. (1988) 'Two Roman shoe fragments from Sedlescombe', Sussex Archaeological Collections 126, 231-2.


Mould, Q. (1990) 'The leather objects' in Wrathmell, S. and Nicholson, A. Dalton Parlours Iron Age Settlement and Roman villa, Wakefield, West Yorkshire Archaeological Service, 95-7. Roman shoes, including complete child's sandal, from a well, used from later 3rd - late 4th C.


Mould, Q. (1991a) 'Non-shoe leather' in Austen, P.S. Bewcastle and Old Penrith: A Roman Outpost Fort and a Frontier Vicus Excavations 1977-78, 185-212, 218-9, 223-4. Tentage.


Mould, Q. (1993) 'The leather' in Woodward, P.J; Davies, S.M. and Graham, A.H. 'Excavations at Greyhound Yard, Dorchester 1981-4', Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society Monograph Series 12, 189. Roman shoe frags. and leather from 19th C pit.


Mould, Q. (1997) 'Leather' in Wilmott, T. Birdoswald: Excavations of a Roman Fort on Hadrian's Wall and its successor settlements 1987-92, English Heritage Archaeological Report 14, 326-340. Shoes, tentage and namufacturing waste from ditch fill dating from 2nd-4th C.


Mould, Q. (2006) ‘The Roman Leather’ in Butler, J. Reclaiming the Marsh: Archaeological Excavations at Moor House, City of London, Pre-Construct Archaeology Monograph 6, 26


Mould, Q. (2007) ‘The leather’. In Brady, K., Smith, A. and Laws, G. ‘Excavations at Abingdon West Central Redevelopment: Iron Age, Roman, Medieval, and Post-medieval Activity in Abingdon’, Oxoniensia 72, 107-202


Mould, Q. (2009a) ‘Leather Objects’ in Lawrence, S and Smith, A. Between Villa and Town. Excavations of a Roman Roadside Settlement and Shrine at Higham Ferrers, Northamptonshire, Oxford Archaeology Monograph 7, 251


Mould, Q. (2009b) ‘The Roman Shoes’in Howard-Davis, C. The Carlisle Millenium Project: Excavations in Carlisle, 1998-2001. Vol 2: The Finds, Lancaster Imprints 14, 831-841


Mould, Q. (2010) ‘Leather shoes’ in Bennett, P., Riddler, I. and Sparey-Green, C. The Roman Watermills and settlement at Ickham, Kent, Archaeology of Canterbury: New Series No. 5, Canterbury Archaeological Trust, 207-211


Müller, G. (1979)  Durnomagus. Das Römische Dormagen, Köln, 24, 25, 27


Padley, T.G. and Winterbottom, S.(1991) 'The wooden, leather and bone objects from Castle Street, Carlisle: excavations 1981-2', in McCarthy, M.R. The Roman Waterlogged Remains And Later Features at Castle Street, Carlisle: Excavations 1981-2, Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society Research Series 5, fasicule 3, 228-243 (Roman shoes); 244-317 (sheet leather objects); 318-328 (waste leather)


Price, E. G. (1983) 'Frocester Court Roman Villa, 3rd Report, 1980', Bristol and Gloucester Archæological Society Transactions 101, 54-55, 59, 64-65, 69


Rhodes, M. (1980) 'Footwear' in Jones, D.M. Excavations at Billingsgate Buildings 'Triangle', Lower Thames Street, 1974, London and Middlesex Archaeological Society Special Paper 4, 99-128


Rhodes, M. (1984)  Bucklersbury House: the Roman Leatherwork, Department of Urban Archæology Archive Report


Rhodes, M. (1985) Roman Quay at St. Magnus' House - additional items of leather, Department of Urban Archæology Archive Report NFW 74


Rhodes, M. (1986) 'Leather Objects' in Miller, L; Schofield, J. and Rhodes, M.  The Roman Quay at St. Magnus' House, London, London and Middlesex Archæological Society Special Paper 8, 211-217


Rhodes, M. (1987) 'Inscriptions on leather waste from Roman London',  Britannia 18, 173-181


Richardson, K. M. (1959) 'Excavations in Hungate, York'. Archæological Journal 116, 51-113


Schlabow, K. (1961) Trachten der Eisenzeit, Schleswig-Holsteinisches Landesmuseum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte in Schleswig-Holstein 5, pp 25, 31-33


Sheldon, H. and Schaaf, L. (1984) Rescuing the Past in Southwark, Southwark and Lambeth Archæological Excavation Committee


Swann, J. M. (1973) 'Shoe fashions to 1600', Transactions of the Museum Assistants' Group 12, 14-24


Swann, J. M. and Metcalfe, J. (1975) 'Roman Shoes from Lynch Farm', Durobrivae 3, 24-25


Thomas, M. C. (1981) 'Finds of Leather' in Breeze, D. J; McIvor, I. and Thomas, M.C. 'Excavations on the Antonine Wall fort at Rough Castle, Stirlingshire, 1957-61', Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 110, 274-278


Thornton, J.H. and Goodfellow, A. V. (1958) 'Leather Shoes' in Stead, I. M. 'Excavations at the south corner tower of the Roman fortress at York, 1956' The Yorkshire Archæological Journal 39, 525-530


Thornton, J. H.(1973) 'The examination of early shoes to 1600', Transactions of the Museum Assistants' Group 12, 2-13


Thornton J.H. (1977)  'Leather Footwear', in Blurton, T. R. 'Excavations at Angel Court, Walbrook, 1974', Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archæological Society 28, 67


Thornton, J.H. (1977) 'Roman shoe fragments found at Chew Park', in Rahtz, P.A. and Greenfield, E. Excavations at Chew Valley Lake, 274-277


Thornton, J.H. (1978) 'Objects of Leather' in Drury, P.J. Excavations at Little Waltham, 1970-71, Council for British Archæology Research Report 26, 99-101 


Thornton, J.H. (1978)  Report on the Winchester Leather - published?


Thornton, J.H. (1981)  Shoe Bottom from Milton Keynes,  Ancient Monuments Laboratory Report 3447


Thornton, J.H. (1991) 'Shoe leather' in Austen, P.S. Bewcastle and Old Penrith: A Roman Outpost Fort and a Frontier Vicus Excavations 1977-78, 219-224.


Tomalin, D. (1987) Roman Wight, A guide catalogue Isle of Wight County Council, 28, 98


Veldmeijer, A. J. (2007)‘Preliminary report on the leatherwork from Roman Berenike, Egyptian Red Sea Coast (1994-2000)’, PalArch Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 1, 1  [online journal - the report can be obtained free from using the order code egt-2001-1-1] 36 page report on 1st century AD leather objects, mainly fragments of water bags and footwear


Veldmeijer, A. J. and Driel-Murray, C. van (forthcoming 2008) Leatherwork from Qasr Ibrim, vol.2: The Pharaonic Period to the Age of Christianity, Leiden, NINO (Netherlands Institute for the Near East)


Veldmeijer, A. J. and Endenburg, E (2008) ‘Footwear from Qasr Ibrim’, Egyptian Archaeology (Bulletin of the Egypt Exploration Society) 33, Autumn, 18-20 [a preliminary report, beautifully illustrated, which describes footwear from Roman, early Christian and Ottoman levels. These include leather shoes, wooden pattens and sandals made from basketry and palm leaves/fibres.]


Vogel, V. (1975) Die Archäologischen Ausgrabungen im Stadtkern von Schleswig. Ausgrabungen im Deutschland 3, Monographien des Römisch-Gremanischen Zentralmuseums 1. Mainz, 72-86


Volken, M. (2008) ‘The water bag of Roman soldiers’, Journal of Roman Archaeology 21, 264-274


Volken, S. and M. (2005A) ‘Drei neu interpretierte Lederfunde aus Vindonissa: kopfstück einer Pferdedecke, Sitzfläche eines Klappstuhls und Schreibtafeletui, Jahresbericht Gesellschaft Pro Vindonissa, 33-39.


Volken, S. and M. (2005B) ‘Die römische solea von Hagendorn’ Tugium 21, 173-176

Waterer, J. (1976) 'Leatherwork' in D. Strong and D. Brown (eds) Roman Crafts, London, 179-193


Wilmott, T. (1982) 'Leather Trunks' in Willmott, T., 'Excavations at Queen Street, City of London, 1953 and 1960; and Roman Timber-Lined Wells in London', Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archæological Society 33, 52-55


Wilson, J. (1881) History of the Boots and Shoes of the Ancients, London


Winterbottom, S. (1991) 'Saddle covers, chamfrons and possible horse armour from Carlisle' in Driel-Murray, C. van (ed) Roman Military Equipment: The Sources of Evidence, BAR International Series 476, Oxford, 319-36


Winterbottom, S. (1992) 'Leather' in Caruana, I.D. 'Carlisle: Excavation of a section of the annexe ditch of the first Flavian fort, 1990', Britannia XXIII, 79-98


Winterbottom, S. (2001) 'Leather' in Maxfield, V.A. and Peacock, D.P.S., Mons Claudianus, Survey and Excavation 1987-1993, Vol. 2. Excavations: part 1, Fouilles de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale (FIFAO) 43, Cairo, 313-353


Winterbottom, S. (2009) ‘The Roman Stitched Sheet Leather’in Howard-Davis, C. The Carlisle Millenium Project: Excavations in Carlisle, 1998-2001. Vol 2: The Finds, Lancaster Imprints 14, 817-830